Anticoagulants: Two commonly used anticoagulant
drugs are heparin and bishydroxycoumarin, although many other prothrombin
depressants are now available. These drugs are widely used in the treatment
of both venous and arterial thrombosis.
Any anticoagulant drug requires very careful regulations as to the amount
and continuity of dosage. If the dosage is too large, the increase tendency
to bleed reaches dangerous levels and if given in combination with other
drugs predisposing to bleeding, such as aspirin the problem becomes
aggravated. The anticoagulant drugs are Warfarin, counmadin and Heparin.
Aspirin: Is used for the prevention of
thrombosis and is prescribed to patients who have had Transient ischemic
attack. (it prevents platelets arregation) has also shown to decreased
subsequent attacks. Aspirin is a member of the group called Salicylates.
Those drugs ending with salicylate are more effective than regular Aspirin.
Beta Blocker: Decrease cardiac heart rate,
force of contraction and output. The major advantage of B-blockers is in the
treatment of hypertensive patients with concurrent angina or rhythm
disturbance. The group of drugs ending with 'olol' are known to be
prescribe, such as Propanolol, Timolol, atenolol and Nadolol.
Digitalis Group: Makes the heart beat more
forcefully which helps persons. Digitalise slows the rate at which the heart
When abnormal heart rhythms in the conduction of nervous impulses through
the heart muscles are present, they cause the heart to beat in uneven
cycles. Commonly use drugs are Lanoxin, Digoxin and Digitoxin.
Glycerol Trinitrate(Nitroglycerin): Is
prescribe for Ischemic Heart attack. A Nitro-glycerine tablet place under
the tongue (sublingually) and allowed to dissolve in the saliva will often
relieve the pain of angina within 1-2 minutes. Another form of
Nitro-glycerine is patches (which deliver Nitro-glycerine through the skin
over 24 hour period),and ointment ( which is usually spread over the chest
wall, although it can be spread on any area of the body).
Prophylactic: Antibiotic medication use in
surgery to help prevention infection from numerous potential sources in the