Loading
"Heart Disease and Stroke Recovery Services"

Glossary

Angina: The transient pain or discomfort that occurs when an area of the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen temporarily.

Anticoagulation: Prevention of clotting of the blood by administering such medication as warfarin and coumadin.

Acute Myocardial Infarction: Is a clot forming within the coronary artery.

Ascities: fluid filled abdomen

Alveoli: Are minute sacs that arise from alveloa ducts.

Arrhythmias: The presence of heart rate and rhythm other than normal sinus rhythm.

Atrial Septol Defect (ASD): A congenital heart malformation, where there is an increased amount of blood.

Arteriosclerosis: A gradual accumulation of fatty or lipid material, carbohydrates, blood products and calcium deposits within the inner lining of the vessels

Atheromoutous Plaque: build up of fatty and other materials.

Carditis: Inflammation of the heart.

Corarctation of the Aorta: narrowing of the lumen of the aorta.

Coronary Arteries: Are medium size vessels, which take oxygen, bearing blood to the working muscle.

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG): Major open-heart surgery.

Cor Pulmonale: A cardiac complication resulting from the extra strain on the heart cause by the inability of the lungs to oxygenate the blood adequately.

Coronary Thrombosis: Is a clot forming within the coronary artery.

Cyanosis: Blue discolouration of the skin and mucous membranes due to increased content of reduced haemoglobin in the capillary blood.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): Clot formation in the leg or pelvic vein.

Dyspnoea: Is an abnormally uncomfortable awareness of breathing.

Embolise: blot clot Emphysema: The destructive changes in alveolar walls and enlargement of air spaces.

Endocardium: The innermost layer of the heart, which consist of the endothelial tissue.

Ebstein’s anomaly: Tricuspid dystopia. Congenital heart defect in which the tricuspid valve does not arise from the annulus fibrosis of the right heart but partly or entirely from the wall of the deeper part of the ventricle.

Endomyocardial Fibrosis: Most important type of oblerative Cardiomyopathy With thickening of the endocardial lining of the left ventricle and /or left atrium.

Eosinphilia: Part of the family of the white blood cells that is responsible for humoral and cellular response to infection.

Fallot’s Tetralogy: Decreased pulmonary blood flow (Ventricular Septol Defect, overriding aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy, and pulmonary stenosis) and tricuspid atreisa (absence or severely malformed tricuspid valve.)

Haematuria: Blood in the urine Heart Failure: A result of the heart muscle becoming increasingly inefficient.

Hyperlipidaemia: the increase of lipids above the normal level in the blood.

Hypertrophies: A gradual remodelling of the heart muscle, which thickens and enlarges.

Hypoxia: Low oxygen tension.

Infarcts: Dies

Ischaemic Heart Disease: Narrowing of the vessels , which as a result reduce the blood flow to a point at which symptoms develop. This is referred to as coronary artery diseases, these abnormal conditions then gives rise to ischaemic heart disease.

Left Ventricle: Receives blood from the left atrium through the opened mitral valve during ventricular diastole 

Lipid: Are composed mainly of cholesterol, triglyceride, phosoholipid and free fatty acids, all of which are insoluble in water and require a carrier to transport them.

Myocardium: The heart muscle.

Oedema: An accumulation of excess fluid in the interstitial spaces. (Swelling). Palpitations: Racing heartbeat

Patent Ductus Arterious: (PDA) An increase amount of blood flow to the lungs.